Nanobubbles (ultrafine bubbles) in aqueous solution

Nanobubbles (ultrafine bubbles) are sub-micron gas-containing cavities in aqueous solution. Nanobubbles less than 1 μm diameter rise so slowly that the rate is not determinable. This is due to their random Brownian motion and their low buoyancy.

and Nanobubbles

Animal experiments on the health and wellbeing using nanobubbles. Ohnari observed growth promotion [5], shell opening and increase in rate of blood flow of oysters in Hiroshima, scallops in Hokkaido and pearls in Mie Prefecture, thus ascertaining the effect of bioactivity.

and Air Nanobubble

Nanobubbles have several unique properties such as long lifetime in liquid owing to its negatively charged surface, and its high gas solubility into the liquid owing to its high internal pressure. They remain stable in water for a long time because of their negatively charged surface ...

Oxygen Therapy - Current uses

Oxygen therapy is a treatment that provides you with extra oxygen. Oxygen is a gas that your body needs to function. Normally, your lungs absorb oxygen from the air you breathe. But some conditions can prevent you from getting enough oxygen.

You may need oxygen if you have

Royal Society of Chemistry

Oxygen | Element Info, Properties and Uses.

In 1608, Cornelius Drebbel had shown that heating saltpetre (potassium nitrate, KNO3) released a gas. This was oxygen although it was not identified as such.
The credit for discovering oxygen is now shared by three chemists: an Englishman, a Swede, and a Frenchman. Joseph Priestley was the first to publish an account of oxygen, having made it in 1774 by focussing sunlight on to mercuric oxide (HgO), and collecting the gas which came off. He noted that a candle burned more brightly in it and that it made breathing easier.

How Cells Obtain Energy from Food

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Finally, the high-energy electrons from NADH are passed along an electron-transport chain within the mitochondrial inner membrane, where the . It is in these final steps that most of the energy released by oxidation is harnessed to produce most of the cell's ATP.

Energy-carrying molecule found in the cells of all living things

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), energy-carrying molecule found in the cells of all living things. ATP captures chemical energy obtained from the breakdown of food molecules and releases it to fuel other cellular processes.

Science Daily 2012

Lack of oxygen in cancer cells leads to growth and metastasis.

It seems as if a tumor deprived of oxygen would shrink. However, numerous studies have shown that tumor hypoxia, in which portions of the tumor have significantly low oxygen concentrations, is in fact linked with more aggressive tumor behavior and poorer prognosis. It's as if rather than succumbing to gently hypoxic conditions, the lack of oxygen commonly created as a tumor outgrows its blood supply signals a tumor to grow and metastasize in search of new oxygen sources -- for example, hypoxic bladder cancers are likely to metastasize to the lungs, which is frequently deadly.

University of Florida

Oxygen is necessary to support life.

Normally air contains 21% oxygen and oxygen is essentially nontoxic. No health effects have been observed in people exposed to concentrations up to 50% at 1 atmosphere for 24 hours or longer. The inhalation at 1 atmosphere of 80% oxygen for more than 12 hours can cause irritation...


Aerobic respiration, or cell respiration in the presence of oxygen, uses the end product of glycolysis (pyruvate) in the TCA cycle to produce much more energy currency in the form of ATP than can be obtained from any anaerobic pathway. Aerobic respiration is characteristic of eukaryotic cells when they have sufficient oxygen and most of it takes place in the mitochondria.

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

What Is Oxygen Therapy?

This treatment increases the amount of oxygen your lungs receive and deliver to your blood. Oxygen therapy may be prescribed for you when you have a condition that causes your blood oxygen levels to be too low. Low blood oxygen may make you feel short of breath, tired, or confused, and can damage your body.

Oxygen therapy can be given for a short or long period of time in the hospital, another medical setting, or at home. Oxygen is stored as a gas or liquid in special tanks. These tanks can be delivered to your home and contain a certain amount of oxygen that will require refills. Another device for use at home is an oxygen concentrator, which pulls oxygen out of the air for immediate use. Because oxygen concentrators do not require refills, they won’t run out of oxygen. Portable tanks and oxygen concentrators may make it easier for you to move around while using your therapy.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment on Breast Cancer

HBOT significantly suppressed tumor growth in both the triple positive and negative tumors, and both MDA-MB-231 and BT-474 showed a decrease in proliferation after HBOT.

No differences were found in angiogenesis or 5FU efficacy between HBOT and controls. Nevertheless, HBOT significantly reduced both numbers and total area of the metastastatic lesions, as well as reduced expression of N-cadherin, Axl and collagen type I measured in the MDA-MB-231 model. No change in stromal Itgb1 and FSP1 was found in either tumor model.

Hypoxia-Modified Cancer Cell Metabolism

While oxygen is critical to the continued existence of complex organisms, extreme levels of oxygen within a system, known as hypoxia (low levels of oxygen) and hyperoxia (excessive levels of oxygen), potentially promote stress within a defined biological environment.

The consequences of tissue hypoxia, a result of a defective oxygen supply, vary in response to the gravity, extent and environment of the malfunction. Persistent pathological hypoxia is incompatible with normal biological functions, and as a result, multicellular organisms have been compelled to develop both organism-wide and cellular-level hypoxia solutions.

Building Blocks of Life ASU

The Top Four Elements Found in the Human Body

Of the elements found in the human body, four of them make up the largest percentage of our body weight (96.2%). The four elements are oxygen, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen.

Before you start thinking we should float away with all the oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen atoms, remember that the oxygen molecules are mainly part of the water in our body (H2O). In fact, over half of the human body is made up of water (50-70%).

9 Keys to Optimal Health

Dr. LaValle offers a compelling new approach to solving the problems of heart disease, obesity, cancer, diabetes, depression, arthritis, allergies, asthma, and chronic fatigue syndrome.

The answers lie in his breakthrough book Cracking The Metabolic Code, in which he brings together The Nine Key Factors within every human body that are essential for the creation and maintenance of a strong, healthy body at every age and stage of life.
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